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Ethical Hacking

Ethical Hacking

What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical hacking is sometimes referred to as Penetration Testing. Pentesting is an act of identifying vulnerabilities, risks, viruses, and various security weaknesses in the system or networks that the attacker may exploit, causing severe damage to the system, financial loss, or exposure to personal data. Ethical hackers, sometimes referred to as “White Hat” hackers, may use the same tools and methods used by black hat hackers with the permission of the authorized person to improve security and to defend themselves from malicious attacks.
Ethical hackers plan to disclose all vulnerabilities and flaws during the Penetration test.

What is the Demand for an Ethical Hacker?
Nowadays, recruiting an Ethical Hacker has become a business requirement. People are now more concerned about their privacy, and big companies are now taking security seriously. Ethical hacking will be the hottest work in the IT industry in the coming years, with a rapid increase in the variety of jobs. Average ethical hacker earns $65k–$70k a year.

Benefits of Ethical Hacking
The sudden rise in the demand for ethical hacking that has been observed is the result of technological advances that have led to many threats in the world of technology. Ethical hackers serve as organizations by protecting their systems and their information from illegal hackers, as cyber-attacks and cyber-terrorism are on the rise.
Learning and getting used to ethical hacking means studying the psychology and strategies of hackers and thus learning how to infiltrate the systems by finding and analyzing weaknesses in software and computer networks. Ethical hacking will bring immense value to an enterprise if it is practiced and conducted effectively and correctly.

Skills to Become an Ethical Hacker
White-hat hackers, or ethical hackers, use intelligent techniques to defend their network from malware attacks. Essentially, ethical hackers improve the safety of different organizations and reduce risk factors. The work of an ethical hacker requires a great deal of training and authorization to carry out ethical hacking operations for safety purposes.
In order to become an ethical hacker, there are some prerequisite skills you’ll need.
Background and Education Requirements
There is actually no standard education prerequisite to be a white hat hacker. But a bachelor’s degree or diploma in IT security systems and computer science is an additional opportunity.
For a fact, the relevant work experience is also a bonus for recruitment. It requires a lot of accountability and a problem-solving mindset to be a white hat hacker. And it also requires sound intelligence and strong technical skills to overcome high-pressure conditions.
Soft Skills
A lot of technical skills are needed when it comes to being a skilled hacker. Ethical hackers need a set of skills to act smartly and manipulate strategies to restart or shut down systems, execute files, or fight malware attacks.
You’ll be surprised to know that many black-hat hackers are leaving the criminal world and joining giant organizations to make their mastery skills easier for the business community. In other words, you’re going to need to build master skills to be an ethical hacker by profession.
Enhance basic programming languages such as C / C++, Java Programming. Get your hands dirty with programming and start learning Python scripts.
Get Experience
You don’t need a degree to become an Ethical Hacker. Instead, you will need practical experience in computer system security to show employers your knowledge of ethical hacking. If you want to break into the business world as an ethical hacker, you need to have a lot of real-world experience in this field. You can enter Certified Ethical Hacking courses or IT security programs for this purpose.
If you want to break into the business world as an ethical hacker, you need to have a lot of experience in this field. You can enter Certified Ethical Hacking courses or IT security programs for this purpose.
Explore Resources
If you want to be an ethical hacker, you will need to explore areas that will help you improve your knowledge of IT security. This is because day-to-day technology is changing rapidly, and being a good ethical hacker, you need to be aware of new technological developments. Otherwise, you may not be able to fight the latest security threats that can easily steal information from your server.
Read more about web services and web APIs. You can start playing with free web-based APIs.

Tools for Ethical Hacking

Some of the popular tools that are commonly used to prevent hacking and unauthorized access to a device or network system.
1.Burp Suite
Burp Suite is popular software that is widely used for security testing of web applications. It has a variety of tools working together to support the entire testing process, from initial mapping and analysis of the attack surface of the application to discovering and exploiting security vulnerabilities.
Burp is easy to use and gives full power to administrators to combine sophisticated manual techniques with automation for efficient testing. Burp can be easily configured and offers features that help even the most experienced testers with their work.
2.NMAP
Nmap is a map of the network. It is an open-source platform that is commonly used for network discovery and security auditing. Nmap was originally designed to scan for large networks, but it can work evenly well for single hosts. Network administrators also find it effective for tasks such as network inventory, program update schedule management, and uptime control of hosts or servers.
3.Angry IP Scanner
Angry IP Scanner is a lightweight, cross-platform IP-address scanner. You can check for your IP addresses at any location. It can be copied and used all over. In order to increase the scanning speed, a multi-thread technique is used to create a separate scan thread for each IP address being scanned.
Angry IP Scanner simply pings any IP address to confirm that it is still alive and then addresses its hostname, decides its MAC address, scans ports, etc. The amount of data collected on each host may be stored in the TXT, XML, CSV, or IP-Port list files. Angry IP Scanner can collect some details about the IPs being scanned using plugins.
4.Network Stumbler
Network Stumbler is a Windows Wi-Fi scanner and monitoring tool. It helps network professionals recognize WLANs. It is commonly used by networking enthusiasts and hackers to find non-broadcasting wireless networks.
Network Stumbler can be used to check whether the network is well configured, its signal strength or coverage, and to detect interference between one or more wireless networks. It can also be used for unauthorized connections.
5.Acunetix
Acunetix is a fully automated ethical hacking tool that imitates a hacker to stay one step ahead of a malicious intruder. The web application security scanner scans HTML5, JavaScript, and one-page applications precisely. Complex, authenticated web applications can be audited, and compliance and management reports can be published across a large number of web and network vulnerabilities.

Conclusion
Ethical hacking, where you have classified as ethical hackers or cybersecurity specialists. Then you’ve got blackhat hackers, who are the cybercriminals. You also have hacktivists who break into websites and deface them by modifying the original content of the website. I also discussed the benefits of ethical hacking, where they protect the company’s data and some of the disadvantages where ethical hackers have ended up in jail for hacking into Facebook. With the future of technology changing so quickly, the ethical hacker has to keep up with the criminals.

Written by Wahed Shuvo

A cybersecurity researcher and a passionate blogger.

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